Shab e Barat is a night in the month of Shaaban which many Muslims revere as the night of forgiveness, praying the whole night asking God (SWT) to give them with His miracles. Shab e Barat is celebrated in the mid of Shaaban, on the night in between the 14th and 15th of Shaaban.
Shab e Barat
Muslims stay up all night and offer optional prayers (Nafl) and do regular dhikr; asking God (SWT) to forgive any sins they might have performed in the past.
Suni Muslims says it to be the night when Allah (SWT) saved Prophet Nuh (AS) and his ark from the flood. On the other side, Shias Muslims believe it to be the day when the 12th Shia Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi, was born.
There are no Ahadith or verses in the Holy Quran that definitely point out or talk about the significance of the night. However, particularly in South Asia, many Muslims celebrate the night, spending time in prayer of Allah (SWT).
Many countries have various ways of celebrating this day; each having a different name for it. For example, In South Asia, it is called Shab e Barat. In Iran, it is called Nim Sha’ban. It is related to as Nisfy Sya’ban in Malay speaking countries whereas in Turkey it is called Berat Kandili.
People often do to distribute desserts to each other on this night. Some people even celebrate the night with fireworks although this is a determination of the power of the local traditions and does not have any holy significance. In Iraq, people often distribute desserts to children. In South Asian countries, people usually distribute local sweets is called a Halwa or other delicacies to neighbors, relatives, colleagues, and the poor and needy. Eastern countries usually do not celebrate the night.
Birth Of Hazrat Imam Mehdi (a.s)
The 15th of Shab e Barat goes by various names, depending on the country in which it is observed. Most can be categorized into two overall meanings: Mid-Sha’ban or Half of Shaban. Named after the day’s historical position in the 8th month of the Islamic calendar: Nisf(u) Sha’ban (Arabic: نصف شعبان), Nisfu Syaban (Malay: نيسفو سيابان)Nim Shaban (Persian: نيم شعبان)Baraat Night. Bara’atis an Arabic name which is about translated to English as either innocence, documents, assignment, deliverance or salvation.Laylat al-Bara’at (Arabic: ليلة البراءة)Berat Kandili (Turkish: Berâet Kandili)Shab e Barat.
Although not specified directly in the Qur’an, two verses are sometimes ascribed to Mid-Shaaban: “Indeed, We gave it down during a blissful night. Certainly, We were to warn [mankind]. On that night is moved distinct every definite matter-” According to Tafsir Ibn Kathir, the more right understanding of this blessed night been assigned to another Islamic holy night, Laylat al-Qadr, based on further verses.
Birthday of Muhammad al-Mahdi
Mid-Shaaban at the Jamkaran Mosque, Qom. According to 12th Shias, Muhammad al-Mahdi, the final Shia Imām, was born on 15th Sha’ban. Shias celebrate Muhammad al-Mahdi’s birthday on that day and perform holy acts such as prayers, fasting, and honor. Iranian cities are decorated on the night of Mid-Sha’ban.
Letter to Imam Mehdi <a.s>
O God, be for Your assistant, al-Hujjah ibn al Hassan, May Your Graces be upon him and his relatives, now and at all times, Master and Protector and Guide and Supporter and Facts and Guard until he continues peacefully on Your earth, let him experience for a long time.
Ariza Asalam Alaykum Ya Imam-e-Zaman (a.s)!
O, Imam! You said, “I will be like the day-star Veiled by the clouds ….” And I do not see the sun on a hidden day.
Yet clearly even in dark my heart beholds you, And is lightened from the light Of your shining, pure soul.
O Imam! I await you! I await the sun’s waves on my face – The joy of feeling that I remember without having felt!
For certainly my heart enjoys in the sunshine, Charming in the heat of God’s Mercy That made me love you.
‘Ariza – send a letter to Imam Zaman (as)
From History Behind Masjid Jamarkan Along with Chosen Supplications, translated by Saleem Bhimji:
[Writing letters (‘Aritha) to the Imam (as) is one of the best ways for us to stay in communication with him. We are able to tell our feelings to him and if we have any problems or difficulties, then we can ask him for help.